Population 2,861

Altitude 4,010


The town grew from a wayfaring stop on the historic Bankhead Highway and Old Spanish Trail from San Antonio to California in the mid 1800s. Still a primary road junction of I-10 (U.S. 80), U.S. 90, and Texas 54, and hub to several state and national parks, in a broad basin devoted to irrigated farming, surrounded by Van Horn, Sierra Doable and Apache Mountains. Mining includes talc, sulfur and marble, plus undeveloped indications of copper, uranium and feldspar. A popular stop for east-west or north-south travelers; caters to longer -staying vacationers with sunny climate, interesting rock and mineral deposits, hunting for white-tailed deer, mule deer, pronghorn antelope and upland game birds.

Sierra Diablo Wildlife Refuge, north on Texas 54, is home to resurgent population of Texas bighorn sheep. Occasionally opened to the public; check with the Management Area Ranger.

John Madden, colorful television football broadcaster, designated Chuy's Restaurant for his "Haul of Fame." Madden frequently crisscrosses the country in his bus to broadcast games. Just before Super Bowl weekend, he annually names his "All-Madden Team." Plaques and photos of inductees hang in the restaurant located at 1200 W. Business Loop 10.


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