Population 1,741

Altitude 3,695.


The city was established during the middle of the night in May, 1901, when Sherman County records were moved from former county seat at Coldwater to land owned by Walter Colton along the new Rock Island Railroad route. Texas Rangers were called to settle the dispute over the location of the county seat. Coldwater has disappeared. There is dispute, too, over the origin of the city name; Colton, an Englishman, named it for Stratford-on-Avon, or for Virginia plantation, birthplace of Robert E. Lee, whom he admired. Local economy is based on wheat, corn and feed grains that re used in large feedlot operations.


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