Population 34,170

Altitude. is 720


Established in 1850, city was named for a large round rock in bed of Brush Creek. The site of historic St. Charles Hotel, built in 1850. Best known as the site of killing of the notorious outlaw Sam Bass, now buried in Round Rock Cemetery. Bass's gang plagued stagecoaches, trains and banks in area and was the object of intensive chase by the Texas Rangers. An informer warned the Rangers and Round Rock lawmen of planned raid on a local bank. The Bass gang was ambushed there on July 18, 1878. Wounded in the gun battle, Bass died two days later.


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