General.. The population is 20,868 and the altitude is 797First U.S. settlement of the site on Rio Grande began during Mexican War with establishment of temporary Camp Eagle Pass. In 1849 permanent Fort Duncan was founded. Today an international gateway and tourist center, seat of maverick County, and retail shipping center for 40,000 acre irrigated winter garden region. International bridge to Piedras negras, just across the Rio Grande, connects U.S. 57 with Mexico 57 that leads to Monclova, Saltillo, San Luis Potosi, and Mexico City. Portions of the route through scenic areas of Sierra madres. Sportsmen enjoy fishing for the famous (and huge) Rio Grand catfish, hunting for white-tailed deer and upland game birds.
Eight miles south of city is 125 acre site being developed as federal reservation for Kickapoo Indians, a tribe that for years had special border-crossing permission.