Canadian became county seat when Hemphill County was organized in 1887. It's located on the Canadian River ant the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe RR in the northwestern part of the county. Early settlers held one of the first rodeos in Texas. Today a chief commercial center of county, that derives much of its economy from ranching and some oil activity.
Northwest of Canadian is the Black Kettle National Grasslands,
administered by National Forest Service. Visitors find campsites,
cottages, ;picnic grounds at small Lake Marvin. Fishing for bass,
channel catfish, and sunfish. Nature trails popular during fall
foliage season and visitors often see deer, wild turkey, and waterfowl.
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