ABILENE

Population 107,707

Altitude 1,738


General

Established by cattlemen as stock shipping point on Texas and Pacific Railroad in 1881, named for Abilene, Kansas, the original end point of the Old Chisholm Trail; later became a major cattle producing area with diversified farming. In recent years oil has added great impetus to the city's economy. When the city celebrated its centennial in 1981, a demonstration of oil-drilling rig was set up on the county fairgrounds - just to illustrate the techniques of "making hole." By pure accident, it struck oil - not much, but enough for modest, profitable production. Cultural aspects are influenced by Abilene Christian University, Hardin-Simmons University and McMurry University, branches of Cisco Junior College and Texas State Technical College; community theater and a philharmonic association and fine arts museum.

The West Texas Fair, ten days in mid-September features exhibits and amusements reflecting early days of Abilene, plus modern attractions of West Texas.

The Western Heritage Classic in early May features ranch rodeo, campfire cook-off, sheep dog trials, farrier competition, Cowboy Poet's Society, Western art show, and many other activities recalling early Western heritage.

The Buffalo Gap Art Festival has combined with the Railroad Festival to become "Celebrate Abilene". It's the first weekend in April and is held in historic downtown Abilene.

Abilene lies on U.S. 84; a segment of the Ports to Plains Highway connecting the state's heartland to coastal ports, as well as on U.S.. 83,277, and I-20.

ABILENE SATE PARK

ABILENE ZOO

CENTER FOR CONTEMPORARY ARTS

DYESS AIR FORCE BASE

FORT PHANTOM HILL

LAKES

MUSEUMS OF ABILENE


Attractions

MERCHANTS

 

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